Its habitat is the grassy plains and open woodlands found in central, southern, and eastern Africa, such as those found in the Serengeti and Masai Mara game reserves. Spotted hyenas can collectively besiege, and bring down, a large wildebeest, as well as antelopes and buffaloes. A relative of the bull, the wildebeest or the Gnu is a large game animal. Their average lifespan is 25 years. In the wild, a lemur can live on average 18 years, according to National Geographic. Topis are some of the fastest antelopes, reaching a speed of up to 70 km/hour when pressed. These monkeys are furry and noisy, but very caring for their young. Its predators are lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, and humans. The hippo’s length from head to rump is 9.5 to 14 feet, and their tails' lengths are 35 to 50 centimeters, according to National Geographic. These countries have savannas, grasslands, woodlands, and montane forests of up to 4,000 meters in altitude where spotted hyenas inhabit. Tend to nest in pairs and like to eat earthworms, insects, and lizards. African animals list with pictures and facts. This large feline is the fastest animal on land running with a speed up to 120 km/hour in short 500 meter bursts. The western green mamba is a glossy green snake whose underbelly is a light, bright green. The giraffe is found in such African countries as Kenya, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Uganda, South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana. What kind of animals live in Africa? Slaughtered animals, on the other hand, have commercial value as food, jewelry, decor, or traditional medicine. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the western green mamba is native to Benin, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Here are some of the animals native to South Africa. The fauna of Africa, in its broader sense, is all the animals living in Africa and its surrounding seas and islands. Its skin color is grayish-brown, though the first name suggests it’s white. The vast plains of Africa and the dense jungle is the home to a wide population of animals, that roam freely on the African land. Rhinoceros are large plant eating mammals which are able to reach more than a tonne in weight. There are many other cool African animals you would be interested to know. So here are the 10 most dangerous animals in Africa – not, of course, including the most dangerous creature on earth – man himself. Wildebeest are killed for food, especially for making the Southern African delicacy biltong (dried game meat). It is the fastest antelope in Africa and can attain a speed of up to 90 km/h. Compared to black rhinos, white rhinos have a longer skull, less hair, and are bigger. Meanwhile, males begin mating at 10 to 12 years. Your email address will not be published. This article will take you on an African safari with the following African animals list. They have non-retractable claws so they can’t climb tall trees. It is believed by African magicians to have magical powers. If you have a good travel story or travel tips to share, just drop us a comment (or two ;), List of African Animals Beginning with Letters A to Z. They eat insects, small rodents and birds. The giraffe’s coat has brown patches stained with black, which are separated by a beige coloration. A giraffe is social, and females live in groups of 10 to 12 animals. According to National Geographic, its weight is between 3,168 and 7,920 tons, though females are significantly smaller. Only the males have horns, which they use in territorial battles. Africa is home to the largest land animal (African elephant) and the tallest animal (giraffe) in the world. The geographical diversity has resulted in a vast and varied population of African animals. African elephant populations lie to the south of the Sahara Desert in the Eastern, Central, Southern, and Western Africa countries like Kenya, Guinea, Niger, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and others. According to Giraffe Conservation Foundation, less than 80,000 giraffes remain globally. When happy, giraffes will gallop and engage in playful behavior. East and Southern Africa is where zebra populations are spread out in countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa, according to Africa Wildlife Foundation. But did you know the gestation period lasts for 22 months? It can be found in the Sub-Saharan Africa and is considered one of the most plentiful wild bird breed in the world. Cheetahs are largely solitary, but at times males from the same litters live in small groups. They are ferocious in protecting their territory, and use their odor as a defense mechanism. With habitats ranging from tropical rainforest to desert, Africa is home to many of the world’s best-known animals. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa.. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, 10 Animals That Live in Pakistan — Pakistan Animals, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa, Thailand Animals - Animals That Live in Thailand. Otters are semi-aquatic mammals which feed on fish, birds and small mammals. Its average length is 6 feet, and the longest ever recorded was 12 feet. After the elephant, the "near threatened" white rhinoceros is the second largest land mammal in the world. We think it’s quite a character with its huge tusks and unwavering care for it’s young. In 5 to 6 years, females achieve sexual maturity. For each ecological setting therein, there are wild animals to match, and habitats within which to sustain them. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! These countries have open tall savanna grasslands and woodlands, which cheetahs rely on for natural camouflage during hunts. Okapis can reach up to 8 feet in length and weigh between 180-310 kg. The white rhinoceros has a lifespan of 40 years according to World Wide Fund for Nature. The giraffe is the world’s tallest animal, and well known for its long legs and neck. The hippo average lifespan in the wild, according to National Geographic, is 40 years. One of the most abundant antelopes in Africa, the impalas, can grow up to 95 cm tall. They are scavengers and hunters of small animals. It has strong jaws that crush heavy bones to obtain the nutritious marrow, but it also eats birds, lizards, snakes, and insects, according to National Geographic. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. In fact, among the top reasons to visit some of the countries here would be to marvel at the wildlife, and there is no denying that Africa is home to some of the most majestic animals in the world. The hippo skin secretes an oily red substance that acts as a sun block, moisturizer, and anti-germ protection mechanism. 10. These half meter tall antelopes can fit all four hooves onto a piece of cliff the size of a coin and never have to drink water, since the succulent plant they forage on provides them with sufficient water. These antelopes can reach a height of up to 140 cm and their horns can be as long as 110 cm. With elephants being the largest creatures on land at the moment, it’s no wonder the elephant babies weight 100 kilograms at birth. While the females are warm brown and horn-less as the nyala pictured below, the males are dark skinned with long spiraled horns and a woolly fringe on their belly. At times, several family units join to form a clan of around 70 elephants, each led by a female, according to World Wide Fund for Nature. The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal, weighing 6 tons and ranging from 19 to 24 feet, World Wildlife Fund reports. These far away relatives of the wolves are crepuscular, being most active at dawn and dusk. It’s nocturnal where its populations are large. Its wrinkled coat is gray in color, and is covered with sparse fur. Did you know there’s a special hotel in Kenya where you can feed giraffes from your hotel room window?! It reaches speeds of 60 miles per hour in as little as three seconds according to National Geographic. These small birds from Africa varies in color and size. Lemurs live in troops that can comprise of 6 to 30 of them each. Wildebeests are social animals that huddle and travel in herds, and are active both day and night, all the while grazing constantly. Their ears help them detect insects and rodents hiding underground. Its skin is hairless and dark brown to grayish-black in color, and the underbelly is pink. A female zebra achieves sexual maturity at 2 years, and a male at 3 years. It weighs 5 to 5.7 pounds. Some of these wild animals are classified as "endangered", while others are more populous, and, therefore, of "least concern". It has a brown mane on the neck, and its head has two hairy horns. The King of the Jungle, the second largest feline after the Tiger, the Lion is today considered a vulnerable species, with its population decline of thirty to fifty percent in the last 20 years. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! They have thick armor like skin, small brains that can weight less than a kilogram and no knees. According to Dictionary.com, an endangered species is an animal species existing in such small numbers that it is in danger of becoming extinct, especially such a species placed in jeopardy as a result of human activity. The African elephant has a trunk to smell, breath, drink water, and grab objects like food. Sexual maturity for females begins at 1.5 to 2.5 years, and for male wildebeest at 3 to 4 years. Today many animals in Africa are being fast-tracked towards extinction and so have been identified as endangered species in order to protect them from animal predators and their biggest predators; humans. The Lemur’s thick fur is grayish-brown on the back, and grey on the limbs and rump. The black mamba is the largest and most feared of Africa's venomous snake species. Cape Buffalo The Cape Buffalo is a safe bet for number ten. The spotted hyena's rough fur color is sandy, ginger, dull grey, or brown, with dark spots on its back, rump, and legs that fade with age, according to ARKive Initiative. To subdue and kill its prey, the cheetah knocks it down and bites the neck to suffocate it. And if you’re a real animal lover, take a look at these beaches that are inhabited by unusual animals and you might just find your next bucket list destination! In this environment it primarily feeds on rodents, as well as birds, lizards, and bats, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. The African elephant is the largest land animal on earth, with two subspecies. Sexual maturity is achieved in 2 to 3 years, and it has an average lifespan of up to 25 years in the wild, according to National Geographic. Wildebeests are preyed upon by lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, and crocodiles, and are especially susceptible to these while crossing rivers like the Mara River migrating into the Serengeti. Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Botswana, South Africa, and Namibia have the largest spotted hyena populations. Africa is home to some of the world's most endangered species, including the mountain gorilla, Grevy’s zebra, and Ethiopian wolf. The wildebeest is an herbivorous mammal belonging to the antelope family. Relatives of the most common horse, zebras are very unpredictable animals and don’t cope well with stress, the reason for which they could never be domesticated. Hippos are large, mostly herbivorous, semi-aquatic mammals. They grow up to 14 feet / 4.2 meters in length and are notoriously aggressive when cornered.Thought to be the fastest of all African snakes, they usually strike repeatedly, releasing a … A zebra sleeps standing up, and will bark to warn others of danger. This African animal is well-known for being social and living in groups. In Egyptian folklore, Baboons were considered sacred animals. In these habitats, it feeds on fruits, leaves, flowers, stems, spiders, caterpillars, cicadas, insect cocoons, birds, chameleons, and grasshoppers. At times, they come together and form harems of up to 30 members. There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? Its height to shoulder height ranges from 8.2 to 13 feet, and weighs 5,000 to 14,000 pounds, according to National Geographic. Wildlife in South Africa is abundant, with almost 300 mammal species.. These are some of the most endangered animals in Africa, some of which are near extinction with less than 1000 population. Its preferred habitat is swamps, lakes, and rivers, where they may remain submerged for up to 16 hours, according to National Geographic. The wildebeest's height is 4.5 feet, and its length to the rump 8 feet, and it weighs up to 600 pounds, according to National Geographic. Hyenas live in clans of up to 90 animals that defend their territory. In the wild, a zebra can live on average 25 years, according to National Geographic. The lemur is a primate with a long, bushy, black and white ringed tail. They are omnivore foragers, but are also known to eat sheep, goats and small antelopes. Keep reading and find out just how fascinating Africa’s wildlife really is! The Dung beetle Vulnerable to predators as an adult, calf giraffes are hunted by lions, leopard and hyenas. Most endangered animals in Africa. With it long neck the giraffe can reach the tallest and tastiest leaves in the savanna and also engage in “neckings”, a type of male combat in which the neck is used as a weapon. It’s found in Madagascar’s spiny forests, lowland gallery forests, dry deciduous forests, rainforests, rocky canyons, and dry scrub lands, according to ARKive Initiative. It’s just another safari animal that brings to light the fact we’re witnessing a global extinction across the globe. Close relatives of Meerkats, Yellow Mongooses are very attentive little creatures, also using a sentinel to keep eye on eventual predators, such as birds of prey. beaches that are inhabited by unusual animals, 5 Dangerous Marine Animals: Prevention and Remedies, Best Wildlife Experiences and Sanctuaries, 10 Day Trips to Escape the Main European Cities, What to eat, do and see in Essaouira, Morocco, http://www.africanzeal.com/most-endangered-animals-in-africa/. Apart from South Africa, tsessebe is also found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Swaziland. The white rhinoceros’ height to the shoulder can reach 1.85 meters, according to World Wide Fund for Nature, and the front horns can be 60 to 150 centimeters long. Usually, Uromastyx eat plants or seeds. Africa is home to the Big Five, which consists of the Lion, Leopard, Rhinoceros, Elephant, and the Cape Buffalo. Around 14 female white rhinoceroses with their calves can cluster together, while they are defended by adult males in territories of 1 to 3 square kilometers marked with dung piles. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world!There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? 1. Western green mambas lead a solitary lifestyle, and males finds a female mate in spring by tracking their scent trails, according to a Jacksonville Zoo report. Its underside has a mixture of white, grey, and cream colors, according to ARKive Initiative (AI). Okapi is one of the most endangered animals of Africa. Their famous stripes are different and unique to each individual, just like a human fingerprint. Also known as Red-billed Quelea or Red-billed weaver, is a small bird from the weaver family. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. These are the Forest and the Savanna African elephants. If cornered, the western green mamba hisses, and strikes the enemy with whitish venom that affects respiration and heart rate. While some say this is not the prettiest pig relative out there, we just can’t ignore his resemblance to Pumba (the Lion King character). So do we.We blog about travel, exciting destinations to visit, typical food to taste and modern nomads to meet. The lemur’s face is white, and the eyes are surrounded by dark patches, and the upper part of the forelimbs have grayish-white fur, while the paws and feet are dark. In oriental mythology jackals are clever sorcerers, while in Egyptian religion they are Gods of the afterlife. Like many of Africa’s greatest animals, cheetahs are under grave threat from humans and habitat loss. Xeruses are ground squirrels that live in rocky deserts around Africa. Porcupines are rounded, large, slow rodents. They are also the best swimming teachers out there. These countries have tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands upon which it feeds on. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, and it’s diverse in culture and natural beauty, but it’s also home to many unique species. After the elephant and the rhino, the hippopotamus is the world’s third largest land mammal. During the day, the hippo is sedentary, but at dusk it leaves the water to graze. Their body is covered with large, pointy spines. Africa is the world’s second largest continent (Asia is the largest). As a scavenging carnivore, it largely feeds on the carcasses of dead animals. The hyena population is predominant in Sub-Saharan Africa, except for the Congo rainforests, according to ARKive Initiative. The vast reserves, sanctuaries and protected areas have resulted in a decrease in poaching and hunting of the wild animals. The tsessebe is a subspecies of Africa antelope and closely related to topi. It has a dog-like snout, nose, and lips, its eyelids are dark, and its furred ears are white. Sexual maturity begins by at least 18 months, and the snake has a lifespan of 12 to 20 years in captivity, according to Reptiles Magazine. In Africa, 98.8 percent of white rhinos are in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya, according to World Wide Fund for Nature. credit of image: By Kore, Wikimedia, CC BY SA 3.0 . It can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/hour in 3 seconds. In these countries, the western green mamba lives in humid forests where rainfall exceeds 1,500 millimeters annually, but in Togo its habitat range includes drier open forests in the north, the Guinea savanna in the west, and the littoral lake zones as well.