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People like to plant hackberry tree in the gardens, parks and backyards because it tolerates drought and pollution of the air and provides shade. Hackberry has rounded crown and slender branches. The common hackberry tree is a tall tree averaging 30-50 feet tall. Bark of hackberry tree is light grey, covered with ridges and wart-like projections. Shape of the crown depends on the habitat. Requires full sun and moderate watering. It produces greenish, inconspicuous flowers arranged in drooping clusters. In fact, the Native Americans crushed these berries in order to extract their flavor to add to their animal fats, corn, and other foods. Hackberry tree produces drooping … Hackberry tree has soft wood that is used as firewood and for the manufacture of fence posts, cheap furniture, plywood and boxes. Hackberry is a medium to large-sized tree growing to heights from 20 to 90 feet, depending upon the growing conditions. The Hackberry tree is one of the 100 most common trees in the United States. Interesting Facts. It can survive in a multitude of climates and weather conditions. This tree provides shade, controls erosion and windbreak. Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Hackberry Emperor, Comma, Snout, and Tawny Emperor butterflies host on this tree. Celtis occidentalis grows as … Native Americans used the hackberry as a source of food, for medicinal purposes, and for special ceremonies. Narrow, cylindrical crown can be seen in the forests. There are 60 to 70 species of hackberry that can be found in temperate climate around the world. Though the fruit is quite thin and usually dry, the taste of the berries is said to be similar to dates. Fruit contains one seed. Many people mistake the hackberry for its cousin the American elm. Rarely found in pure stands, the hackberry is usually found in mixed deciduous forests. Soil – best in damp to wet but will grow in dry soil Not tolerant of … Leaves are alternately arranged on the branches. It can survive in a multitude of climates and weather conditions. The fruits are not just for forest animals though. Hackberry – Sturdy Shade Plus Some Surprises Maybe you have heard of the Hackberry tree, but never thought of it as a food source. Hackberry has rounded crown and slender branches. Hackberry tree, also known as sugarberry, is deciduous tree that belongs to the hemp family. Deer feed on foliage, while birds and small mammals like to eat fruit. In fact, the hackberry relies on animals to eat the fruits and disperse its seeds in order to reproduce. Texture of leaves can be smooth or rough. The common Hackberry tree can be found growing wild in Southwestern desert arroyos. The fruit of the hackberry is popular with winter birds, especially the cedar waxwing, mockingbird, and robin. For this reason, it … The history and nutrition of this genus is the most interesting of all to me. The hackberry produces small, pea-sized berries that change from light orange to dark purple in color when ripe in early fall. Hackberry, any of several trees of the genus Celtis, with about 70 species in the hemp family (Cannabaceae), that are valued for their wood or for ornamental qualities. Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, Hackberry Emperor, Comma, Snout, and Tawny Emperor butterflies host on this tree. Desert hackberry (Celtis pallida) is a drought-tolerant tree found in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 to 9. Hackberry is a host for six different species of butterflies. Flowers are rich source of nectar which attracts bees, main pollinators of this plant. The eastern North American tree called hackberry, or nettle tree, Native Americans consumed fruit of hackberry tree in the form of porridge (mixed with corn and animal fat) and used it as a flavoring agent. Hackberry tree is monoecious plant which means that it produces individual male and female flowers on the same tree. They are distributed primarily in temperate and tropical areas. Very drought and heat tolerant. Humans can enjoy the … (Map of Hackberry). Because of its prevalence across the United States, the hackberry is known by many different names such as sugarberry, beaverwood and nettletree. Population 68 (2010). Humans can also eat fruit of hackberry tree. The fruits are not just for forest animals though. It prefers moist and bottomland soils. Hackberry grows best on moist alluvial soils, and occurs only as scattered trees mixed with other hardwoods. This tree provides shade, controls erosion and windbreak. The berries were often crushed and used to flavour foods, or mixed with corn and animal fats to make a thick porridge. The hackberry is a tolerant species that can grow in a range of environmental and soil conditions making it a useful tree for municipalities and private land owners across the country. Hackberry is a tiny village in central Mohave County, on Route 66 in the northwestern region of Arizona. Some species of hackberry tree are adapted to the life in arid, desert conditions. The crown is narrow and rounded in the forest, but broad, with pendant lower branches when open grown. They can however, be found growing as tall as 100 feet. They have asymmetric base, pointed tips and serrated edges. Soil – best in damp to wet but will grow in dry soil Not tolerant of … It is most often used as firewood though it is occasionally used for inexpensive furniture construction.

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