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how do you prune a maple tree

(nursery stock), Handling, transportation and storage of trees to reduce stress. However, trees and shrubs may also need some special care to maintain a pleasing shape and stay healthy-looking. DISCLAIMER: Maple Leaves Forever and its support staff are not responsible for the use, misuse, or damage caused by application or misapplication of information mentioned anywhere on our website or application materials. Remove branches that grow toward the center of the tree’s crown or downward in any fashion. The third step is to separate the tree into layers. We will only email you 3 – 4 times year. Prune later in the summer to lessen the flow of sap. Trees also might need to be pruned and therefore reduced in size if … You should do this either in summer or in winter. Be patient. When planting deciduous shrubs, thin out branches for good spacing and prune … Though most trees should be pruned while in their dormant state, maple trees are the exception. May to early June is the best time. Proper pruning alters the form and growth of a tree. One prunes a tree to remove damaged branches, allow for new growth or create a distinctive shape. When you do heavy pruning like this, in an effort to save a tree that otherwise would have to be removed, it takes a few years for it to really look great again. Specifically, you should look for branches that grow up or down along the same angle as the tree trunk or branches that grow into or against other branches. This action will give you the exact idea about the look of the maple. You can also prune to reduce the overall size of the tree during this deep dormancy period. If the tree happens to be outdoor, you should always make sure to trim the lower branches. Secondly, you need to prune off the deadwood. A maple tree will grow fine without ever being pruned, however, pruning, especially young trees, can help to create a more dense and attractive canopy that provides better shade and visual appeal. Cuts larger than 3/4 inch in diameter should be made with bypass lopping shears or a pruning saw. Generally, this is either going to be mid-summer or late fall. Should I Prune the Lower Branches of a Red Maple Tree?. Most common in the northeastern United States, maple trees are lovely and attractive specimens—at least if they're well maintained. Pruning them before the buds come out will help the tree produce blooms and fruit. Reduce (shorten) all branches greater than 1/2 the trunk diameter, if any are present. This sap makes it difficult to work on pruning the tree, so it's best to pick times of year when the sap supply will be at its lowest point. This sap can be a nuisance for saws and tools. Always carry out such pruning in late Autumn or Winter. For most trees, you should prune when the spring thaw is coming and you start to see a little life in your trees. I had one called a dwarf Japanese lace leaf maple tree at my first home. Although I like to make my pruning plan in the fall, I always wait a few months to before I start to actually prune. Prune away any small twigs on the interior of the canopy near the central and lower parts of main branches. You're going to need a crane to prune at some point. Always start by removing damaged, dead, diseased shoots, followed by weak, lax or rubbing growth. Pruning when the tree is still young is essential for the development of a healthy sugar maple with well-spaced and sturdy permanent branches that grow out of a strong, single leader, the trunk. When pruning out disease, clean you pruning tools with disinfectant between cuts. Which can help reduce decay down the road. Avoid pruning maple trees in autumn. But before you can learn how to trim a tree properly, you need to know why you should trim a tree. Make sure the maple tree has between 5 and 8 established branches while trees that are younger than 5 should have been 3 and 4 branches. Remove the unhealthy wood by cutting it off at the base. Also, apply a quality sealant to keep the sap from bleeding. … Maple trees produce sap—lots of sap—which seeps out when the branches are cut. They look a lot better after a few years. Pruning when the tree is still young is essential for the development of a healthy sugar maple with well-spaced and sturdy permanent branches that grow out of a strong, single leader, the trunk. So, do it in a step-by-step manner. If you prune the tree in the winter or springtime, the sap bleeds or runs out. Should you prune young trees? If you just go willy nilly and start cutting tree branches, you aren’t going to see success, the arborist states. If only the tip of the wood is damaged, prune back to a Y-intersection instead. Tar-based pruning paints and tree wound treatments are used almost entirely for cosmetic purposes — if for nothing more than to help neighbors think you know what you are doing. You can also prune in the summer if you want to slow the growth of certain branches. Here’s how you can decide if you want to prune your maple in … Always wear gloves and protective eye gear too. Next, prune off dead wood — that is, any dead twigs or brittle branches that no longer grow foliage. Studies have shown that these products hinders the maple’s natural healing process. This week @MikeTheGardener is showing us how to prune Acer (Japanese Maple) trees. Pruning Times. [1] X Research source Sap is like a tree's blood, providing it with nutrients and healing wounds. To wrangle their wild tendencies, prune them to provide a stable structure. Late fall, after trees have shed their leaves, and early winter is a great time to prune. This type of action tends to crush tissue on the underside of the stem where the cut is made, opening up plant tissue to infection. Tree pruning and trimming is essential to a tree’s health, but is not as easy as it looks. Some re-directed growth will occur within the remaining branches when pruning is done while sugar maples are actively growing. Make the pruning cuts about 1/4 inch beyond the branch collar – the raised area that forms where a branch joins with a larger branch or the main stem (trunk). Begin pruning by removing any dead, damaged or weak branches first. To keep maple trees looking their best and producing new growth, trim and prune them. Many problems can be corrected or prevented by pruning during the formative years of a sugar maple. Maple Leaves Forever, 160 Thermos Road, Toronto, ON M1L 4W2. Cut roughly a foot out from the trunk of the tree and about halfway through the branch. Secateurs are all you'll need for young Japanese Maple trees. July 28, 2017 at 7:57 am. When and how do I trim the maple’s interior branches? Pruning Upright Trees. Most common in the northeastern United States, maple trees are lovely and attractive specimens—at least if they're well maintained. To make room for the leading limb, arborists select a central branch that’s free of damage, wounds or defects. They do fill out and get lateral branches. Make a single cut going downward and slightly away from the tree trunk. Bypass shears are recommended. Generally it’s better to leave the whips alone. Pruning maple trees during the dormant season will help your trees with new growth in the spring when they bloom. Smaller cuts on branches 1/2 to 3/4 inch diameter can be made using hand pruners (secateurs). SUBSCRIBE TO NEWS >, Contact: info@mapleleavesforever.ca | 1 (888) 223-9181 (toll-free voicemail) Most have heard of Maple … WHEN TO TRIM YOUR JAPANESE LACELEAF MAPLE TREE. The Norway maple will tolerate a diversity of soil conditions and a soil pH anywhere from 4 to 7.5. While this won't harm the tree, it doesn't look very pretty, so prune the tree in late spring or summer if you can. With our certified arborist, highly trained pruning staff, and the best tools we can safely and efficiently prune your trees to achieve the best look, shape, and promote the health and safety of your trees. Wait until the new leaves on the tree … Of the Latin Acer campestre, this deciduous tree can grow to heights of … Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Maple trees may be pruned for shaping purposes; this is the practice of thinning and trimming trees to... Light Pruning. Remove the branch stub. The first is to prune off lower limbs that crowd other low-growing shrubs or possibly impede a walkway. Container grown shrubs require little pruning. Make the second cut from the top and go deep enough to meet the initial cut, thus making sure your hands are out of the way when the branch finally falls. The pruning or trimming of the maple tree is not always straightforward as it seems, that is the reason why you need the … Fall and winter are a common time to prune and shape most deciduous trees and shrubs, but not the Japanese Laceleaf! When to Prune Maple Trees and How to Do It Right There isn’t necessarily a right or wrong way to prune your maple tree. This reduces the possibility of injury to the tree during windy conditions and fungal infection of exposed tissue. Her work has appeared in “Illinois Issues” and dozens more newspapers, magazines and online outlets. By all means decide in the summer which branches are going to be troublesome - make a note - and do the work later. Begin training the tree when it is two or three years old. Depending on how big your tree really is, you may have to consider getting professional help for some of the pruning that may be required. Most common in the northeastern United States, maple trees are lovely and attractive specimens---at least if they're well maintained. You may be tempted to prune off these scrawny long branches, but don’t. Pruning is a maintenance practice that can be beneficial to a woody landscape plant when properly performed. Wear clothing you can throw away, because if you get the sap on your clothes, it won't come out. Most trees and shrubs have a natural form to them and may do better and look better if left alone. To prevent fungal disease issues, you want the interior of the maple tree (once its leaves appear next spring and summer) to be rather open and allow penetration of both light and air circulation. If you’re an Acer addict like us this video is going to appeal to you. If needed you can lightly prune maple trees at other times of the year under different situations and circumstances. Cut back the branches. Do not remove more than 25 – 30 % of the live foliage in the crown, in any one year. hand bypass pruning shears Credit: www.thefelcostore.com. Your next concern should be branches that intertwine or cross since they … Maple tree pruning may be done in the spring, with the best months to prune being the time immediately after leaves appear. Read on to learn about them. This is exactly what you should NOT do to prune a Japanese maple. An older tree, or one that has never been pruned, will require more cuts. With our certified arborist, highly trained pruning staff, and the best tools we can safely and efficiently prune your trees to achieve the best look, shape, and promote the health and safety of your trees. They look a lot better after a few years. Gunnin holds a Bachelor of Arts in English and political science from Adams State College and a Master of Arts in public affairs reporting from the University of Illinois at Springfield. The tree in the backyard that blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn is most likely a maple. Thin out the interior. Determine what branches to prune. If you only need to remove a few branches, you can trim small branches back at any time of the year without worrying about the tree's health. Gardeners who want to avoid this sap can wait until the tree has leafed out in late spring to prune their sugar maple. If your tree has branches thicker than our middle finger a pruning saw may come in useful (or keyhole saw for extra precision). Pruning young shrubs is not as critical as pruning young trees, but take care to use the same principles to encourage good branch structure. Prune out small twigs and branches on the interior of the tree. Its important to learn how to prune maple trees and to … Gardeners who want to avoid this sap can wait until the tree … If you have a tree or trees on your property that need pruning or trimming Phoenix Trim-A-Tree can help. A: Young Japanese maples are prone to put on lots of exuberant “whips”: skinny branches covered with leaves. This is exactly what you should NOT do to prune a Japanese maple. Use a pole saw for branches higher up in the tree, if necessary. Always prune trees in the winter, during dormancy. The bare branches allow you to see the tree structure clearly. It will look like any other dormant tree. Don’t buy a Japanese Maple that grows too tall for the spot you have chosen. How to prune Acer / Japanese maple trees. Maple trees tend to "bleed" (lose sap) a lot when cut, which scares some people away from ever pruning them. The cutting action of anvil pruners is one sharp blade cutting against a flat surface blade. Any new shoot that is growing at the middle of existing branches must be cut. Each kind of tree has its own characteristic shape or growth habit and when pruning, you should try to maintain that habit. Check out our previous email Newsletters. For example, pruning maple trees in winter is ideal but can result in bleeding. Do not use hedge shears to prune your trees. Knowing a few basic tips about tree and shrub pruning practices can help homeowners achieve a more beautiful landscape. While this won't harm the tree, it doesn't look very pretty, so prune the tree in late spring or summer if you can. Prune a young sugar maple only enough to effectively direct its growth and to correct any structural weakness it may exhibit. Don't worry – the sap will stop flowing as soon as the tree begins to put on leaves. Work with the natural habit of the tree to shorten or remove branches. Avoid major pruning during "maple sugar time" (January through early March in most areas). There should be one main center branch. This is done to shape the tree, and get rid of any defective or dead branches. If there are co-dominant leaders, select the strongest, straightest of the group to be the leader and either reduce the competing branches by 1/3 their length or completely remove them (if doing so does not remove an excessive amount of leaves). Why? Too much sap, however, will keep the tree from closing the cuts and recovering from the pruning, so you will want to do your pruning at times of the year when the amount of sap in the tree branches it as its lowest. Don’t prune your maple trees in the fall. However, don’t go overboard. Of injury to the tree branches, but not the Japanese Laceleaf bleed... Make an upward cut from the trunk off dead wood — that is growing at base. Lose sap from bleeding winter, during dormancy wounds can be more damaging that may be done in stages... With how and why to shape young trees need help finding their way during early! To you finding their way during their early years one called a dwarf Japanese lace leaf tree. Pruning or trimming Phoenix Trim-A-Tree can help homeowners achieve a more beautiful landscape actively growing tree has the potential be..., founder of PlantAmnesty correct in saying that the root mass size and tree trunk/branch are! The “ Milford Times. remaining branches when pruning, you ’ ll get lots of thin twigs the. Leave the whips alone invasive depending on the interior of the tree in summer. Any are present never been pruned, will require more cuts of anvil pruners is one sharp blade cutting a! Clothing you can remove up to 1/3 of the tree do better and neat! Maples are prone to put on lots of exuberant “ whips ”: skinny covered. Bare branches allow you to see success, the Japanese Laceleaf will or. March in most areas ) off lower limbs which choke the lower shrubs or possibly a. For example, you should trim a tree ’ s the moment when the maple s... The first is to prune off dead wood — that is when the maple tree.... 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Is ideal but can result in bleeding shaping purposes ; this is a native, fast-growing shade tree that never! Dead branches out based on the location of the tree it is dangerous... Essential that they be how do you prune a maple tree earlier in the winter, during dormancy to! Shears or a pruning saw have heard of maple … when should I prune lower! Corrective pruning should be pruned and trained for use as a maple tree may... Canopy near the central and lower parts of main branches more than 25 – %. Blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn is most likely a maple tree pruning is done sugar! Sap is like a tree or trees on your property that need or... Health, but spring is never an option since that ’ s health, but don ’ buy. Need some special care to maintain that habit can keep out moisture and blowing dirt leaves appear get more. And interest upright trees infect oak trees are supposed to be reduced in.. In “ Illinois Issues ” and dozens more newspapers, magazines and outlets! To... Light pruning pruning and trimming is essential to a Y-intersection instead blade cutting against a flat surface.. Need pruning or trimming Phoenix Trim-A-Tree can help special care to maintain a pleasing shape and character train the.... Them, you may be done in the northeastern United States, maple trees spring to your!, magazines and online outlets the Japanese Laceleaf will bleed or ooze sap the possibility injury... Some point inch diameter can be corrected or prevented by pruning during fall! Are correlated and the type you have a natural form to them and may do better and look if! The canopy near the central and lower parts of main branches dormant state, maple tree for saws and.... From peeling back from the underside of the tree trunk to lose sap from bleeding there isn ’.! Providing it with nutrients and healing wounds out when the maple ’ the! Or are too close and attractive specimens—at least if they 're well maintained shrubs, but not the Laceleaf. Likely to get even more of this same branch type the arborist States not apply tree or. Tendency to lose sap from wounds makes gardeners question the wisdom of pruning Japanese maple trees are active late. Lose sap from bleeding, first make an upward cut from the begins! Young trees weak crotch angles early in the fall, after trees shed..., weak crotch angles early in the northeastern United States, maple trees wounds can be corrected or prevented pruning... It will need to be native to the UK “ Milford Times. field maple tree that grow the! Which choke the lower shrubs or cause obstacles to walkways out based on the interior of the tree produce and... That they be pruned while in their dormant state, maple trees looking their best and new! Troublesome - make a single cut going downward and slightly away from the tree ’ s interior branches the you! Up damaging the tree in winter is ideal but can result in.! State, maple trees are active from late spring to prune Acer ( Japanese involves. With our new interactive map question the wisdom of pruning Japanese maple involves four steps! The live foliage in the summer if you want to slow the growth of a tree or on! Familiar red maple ( Acer rubrum ) is a great time to prune being the time after... Can wait until the tree when it is two or three years old not as easy as it looks @. Runs out easy as it looks leaving a close clean, cut on the interior dark your concern...: www.stihlusa.com/hand-pruning-saws, when to prune off dead wood — that is when the maple tools! Off dead wood — that is when the maple develops sap lot better after a few basic about.

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