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Truss bridges place traffic on top of the structure instead of within it. Pros, cons and features of different types of roof trusses. They are among the oldest types of bridges that are found all over the world and are still regarded as state-of-the-art technology. pros: simple, reliable. List of the Advantages of Arch Bridges. On older truss bridges, some drivers must pay attention to the maximum weight rating to prevent damaging the structure, their vehicle, or putting their life at risk. The conditions that this design can withstand are quite impressive. The pre-built truss system is heavy to transport and lift into place. As many people realized, this bridge may not be the most cost-effective option for their communities. It is not suitable for the long span. Have an idea what type of look you want your finished building to have when selecting the type of roof truss, as it often dictates the final shape and slope of your roof. You can have the road sections mounted on the framework, which cuts down the overall manufacturing costs of the structure. A member may be in compression under one load scenario and in tension under another. Membranes can be punctured by falling branches, foot traffic during installation or maintenance, or storm damage, leading to leaks. The web of such triangles can be joined, and resulting effect causes stress to be evenly distributed across the entire structure that can be dramatically more lightweight than the walls created from strong materials. These types of bridges can be built quickly in places where many other types cannot, linking areas that other types will not work in. The advantages of truss bridges is that it is economical, light, strong and uses short timbers. After he built a bridge over the Connecticut River at Springfield, his truss proved so successful that henceforth he was primarily a bridge builder. 2. 16 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tidal Energy Power, 13 Advantages and Disadvantages of Utilitarianism Theory, German Shepherd Great Pyrenees Mix Guide: 27 Things to Know About the Germanees, German Shepherd Akita Corgi Mix: 26 Things Every Owner Should Know, Chihuahua German Shepherd Mix Guide: 25 Things to Know About a Chihuahua Shepherd, Alaskan Shepherd Guide: 29 Things Every Owner Should Know, Blue Heeler German Shepherd Mix: 26 Things Every Owner Should Know, German Shepherd Chow Mix Guide: 27 Things to Know Before Getting One, Bulldog Shih Tzu Mix Guide: 27 Things to Know About a Shitzu Bulldog, 500 Cutest Shih Tzu Names for a Boy or Girl Puppy Dog, 500 Most Unique Chihuahua Names for a Girl or Boy Dog, German Shepherd Beagle Mix: 27 Things Every Owner Should Know. Truss bridges are incredibly string and durable, so they can be utilized for many years with proper maintenance. Truss bridges offer a superior level of strength. Most of the time, these bridges effectively use materials needed for their construction, making them very economical to build, while not compromising on their grounds. Have an idea what type of look you want your finished building to have when selecting the type of roof truss, as it often dictates the final shape and slope of your roof. The shorter a member is, the more in can resist buckling from compression. Let’s go through a few lists of pros and cons of both stick framing and trusses, to begin: 4 Major Pros of Stick Framing: The roof and ceiling can be attached to the same member. 4. Many Howe truss bridges exist in the North West United States, where wood is plentiful. Their simple styles have been analyzed since the 19th century. Before long there were dozens of different types of truss to excite the keen bridge-builder! The flat roof insulation board is approximately 80 cents per foot. We are still using this design today to allow vehicles the opportunity to pass over rivers, valleys, and other structures safely. Many Howe truss bridges exist in the North West United States, where wood is plentiful. 5. As previously mentioned, it could have trusses with zero-pressure members that are doing nothing. The other two are the Warren (with the W-shape) and the Howe lattice or double-intersecting Warren, which feature the letter X. Technically, a two-panel Warren truss design, resembling the … Each type of roof truss offers pros and cons and is designed to suit specific structural and aesthetic purposes. The K truss, probably because of its complexity, did not became very popular in the United States. What are the pros and cons of timber roof trusses? The versatility that becomes available because of this technology makes it a first-choice option whenever there is a call to expand transportation networks. They are also considered the most expensive type of bridge they can be installed. Even in areas where, initially, it might be impossible to build such a structure, truss bridges can allow for a strong span and can still effectively hold heavy amounts of traffic. A bridge can usually support a very heavy weight. Installing things like solar panels… Trusses are a specific framework that is used in construction projects. Timber roof trusses have long been the standard in building. One of its main disadvantages is that the members don’t always behave as expected. They also do … Maintaining a truss bridge can be more complicated and expensive, thus it can be a huge drawback for a community that is having a tight maintenance budget. Because they take more materials to create, building truss roofs can be more expensive than stick-framed structures. The biggest downside of the prefabricated roof trusses is the durability factor. Hi Zenta, It all depends on your house design and the type of truss that is required for your needs. When the deck covers a long distance, then the pressure placed on each point becomes greater. 2. The main purpose of a truss bridge is to have all of its trusses to supports the weight of its span over time, and if its design is not managed properly, there could be some trusses created that have zero-pressure members, which means that they would only look nice, but are not working effectively for the entire structure. The king post truss does not provide storage space because the frames are usually exposed and do allow extra room. The triangular webbing of evenly spaced trusses, however, segments the open attic space and makes conversion to an extra room impossible and even substantially diminishes available space for storage of boxes and other items. 2. One of the primary reasons that truss bridges have been the preferred structures over other types is their versatility to be constructed in places where construction could be difficult, such as locations needing long span of areas like deep trenches. Cons . It Takes so Much Space: One major advantage of truss bridge is that it requires more space in building and sometimes the main cause of accidents. Share on twitter. Heavy Load Accommodation Experts say that a truss bridge is a reliable type because of its ability to withstand the weight of heavy loads of the cars and trucks that use it to get to and from a destination. The Pros and Cons of Truss Bridges. The Parker, in turn, came from the Pratt truss. Therefore, it became very popular and was considered one of the best designs for railroad bridges back in the day. 3. The pros and cons of the truss bridge design let us see how past innovations can still create future outcomes for society. They are relatively simple and generally do not extend beyond 10 feet. 4. Assignment 4 The Pratt Truss Bridge Courtesy of Prof. Szymon Rusinkiewicz, edited slightly by KS Due Tuesday, December 15, 2009 Calhoun Street Bridge, Trenton NJ. The latter is called the King truss,and has been used since the middle a… That is why shorter distances are usually covered with this option. Roof penetrations, such as pipes, HVAC systems, and chimneys, make installation more difficult and costly; penetrations can be a source of leaks if not flashed properly. History of the Truss Bridge Alfred Neville of France patented the Warren Truss Bridge and also […] The most common trusses are the Howe, Fink and triangular trusses. The K Truss design was a variant from the Parker truss design. Truss Pros Build quality, strength, cost and time savings are the biggest pros that trusses have to offer. Not dependent on wood density; Two way adjustment ( forward and back) More stable; Cons. It offers higher levels of resistance compared to other designs. However, this bridge used an isosceles triangle framework. These are the pros and cons of truss bridges to consider when comparing this technology to other methods. The reason the Pratt truss is so common in steel bridges is because it tends to be more economical. If you are planning to add a new roof to your home or shed, be sure to consider all the available options. To build or own opinion about this matter, let us take a look at their pros and cons. Advantages: Members very stable Structure is an eye enhancer Disadvantages Mostly used in places where wood is plentiful Differences between Warren, Pratt, and Howe Warren truss contains a series of isosceles triangles, or equilateral triangles Pratt truss contains diagonal Although there is some flexibility in the design of truss bridges, there are width requirements which must be met for the model to be successful. Their linked elements that are normally straight are thought to be designed to be stressed from tension, compression or, most of the time, both aspects to handle to lively loads—in fact, these bridges have a unique ability to take compression and tension more than other bridge designs. They are quite difficult to maintain. It was designed by the Thomas Willis Pratt (1812 – 1875) and his father Caleb Pratt, a pair of American engineers, just several years after William Howe patented his famous Howe truss design. With this in mind, installation and maintenance of these bridges might be unmanageable for certain communities. When building or remodeling your home, here are a few things that you may want to consider when it comes to prefabricated roof trusses. Another pro is the availability of the 14-16" high joists capable of clearspaning garages for bonus room space. If the installation location offers minimal clearance, then there is a strong possibility that the truss design will not work at all. They require high costs. Comparison of Pros and Cons While trusses and rafters can handle similar loads, there are clear distinctions in essential areas that will help you choose which is right for your building project. If you look at the average bridge today, then there is a good chance that it is constructed from concrete or metal. As we continue to learn more about the frameworks of support and how modern materials can evolve it, we can limit many of the disadvantages which are found here. Originally, the truss bridge concept was created to be a perfect solution to the many limits in materials and construction. Truss bridges tend to create a substantial outcome. Our modern infrastructure uses heavy trains, semi-trucks, and other cars which continue to increase in size. Once the trusses have been placed and the roof installed, you cannot change or remove them, making renovations more difficult. Decide which is right for your project with these tips and reviews. Although many truss bridges tend to support smaller spans within transportation networks, the overall design of this bridge makes this a virtually infinite resource for builders. Most often made of 2x4s and spaced 24 in. The Howe truss is a nineteenth century design that mixed wood members in compression and iron rods in tension. This imbalance can further the issues of premature wear and tear that this bridge option creates. The data would be useful in calibrating viscoelastic models for the Howe truss. 1. If the bridge is for personal use, a wooden support frame is even possible. It is not suitable for the long span. Additional Resources. Other articles where Howe truss is discussed: William Howe: …received two patents for the Howe truss. 1. 6. It was designed by the Thomas Willis Pratt (1812 – 1875) and his father Caleb Pratt, a pair of American engineers, just several years after William Howe patented his famous Howe truss design. Trusses can create a lightweight bridge design – in theory. Each roof truss has pros and cons, and it must be designed to suit specific conditions and purposes. Roof truss designs have been considered as a wooden engineering marvel that is highly cost-effective and is well acclaimed in the market as a means to provide low-cost roofing with a high quality that can be used in all commercial and industrial buildings where fire resistance is not a part of the requirement set. Another advantage of using trusses as the foundation of bridge design is that engineers can place the deck on top of the structure instead of incorporating the roadway within it. Since its introduction in 1844, this bridge design became part of hundreds of bridges created up to Second World War. Though it uses more of the materials and requires many support rods and poles, these components can be made from different materials, while other types of bridges usually depend only on metal. Ensure that the lumber is not too moist, is adequately flame-retardant, and the metal connectors used are rust-free. verticals and diagonals. They allow placement of roadways on the structure itself. There are unique spatial needs that truss bridges require before they can be considered for installation at some locations. cons: takes up a lot of space. • Howe - The Howe truss is the opposite of the Pratt truss. Timber has advantages and disadvantages when used in truss construction. Without the proper design and work practice, constructing a truss bridge can result to waste of materials. This is because the vertical members are in compression. This truss design is one of three that feature diagonal beams resembling a letter in an alphabet. The pros and cons of the truss bridge design let us see how past innovations can still create future outcomes for society. Although the frames can take on virtually any shape, the most common one in use is the triangle. The truss design is useful in any situation where strength is essential to performance because of how the frames distribute weight throughout the entire structure. Weighs more; Requires more wood to be removed; There are a few other variations I have seen over the years, but these are the main styles that I have the most personal experience using in my work. Engineers can install this type of bridge almost anywhere in the world today because of the efficiency of its design. 1. The pros and cons of a living trust show that it can be highly beneficial to have in place in specific circumstances. Second largest However, like other major structures, truss bridges have been a subject of debates that discuss whether they are appropriate to construct or not. So people, cars, and trains can transport to the other riverside by the bridge. When engineers implement this option to cover a span, the structure tends to be heavier than what other design options would be with the final product. In this case it involved an open web floor truss system … Aside from this, it does not take much effort to create a suitable environment for these bridges to be properly installed. Each part of the structure works to support every other component. Roof trusses help conserve forest resources. It is also useful when a bridge is required to span a specific distance. Even the concrete bridges use metal rebar as a way to create a firm structure. The most significant advantage of using trusses for bridges is that it allows us to span a considerable distance without creating a massive weight penalty for the structure. A roof truss is supported by the exterior walls and span the width of the building. Advantages. Fire protection is a definite concern and recently hit close to home. The results could have application to many of the 140 Howe trusses in existence, and could also be used in designing new covered bridges. Metal Wall Framing: Pros & Cons. The curved design of the arch bridge gives the structure an added element of strength that is not always found in alternative designs. The important points to take care of during the construction of the truss roof include its peak, clear span, pitch, the overall length, and the overhang. A truss bridge can be built from metal or wood. A truss bridge is the only type of bridge that allows a roadbed to be placed on the structure itself. List of the Pros of Truss Bridges 1. Truss Roof Cons. 4. Pros. It used mostly wood in construction and was suitable for longer spans than the Pratt truss. Building a truss bridge can be costly, and its upkeep requires time and money. Other articles where Howe truss is discussed: William Howe: …received two patents for the Howe truss. The truss is suitable for spans varying from 5 to 8 metre. Their designs are true and tested. His truss, with wooden diagonal members and iron vertical ties, was the most popular bridge design in the U.S.… The other two are the Warren (with the W-shape) and the Howe lattice or double-intersecting Warren, which feature the letter X. Technically, a two-panel Warren truss design, resembling the … A Warren truss is an efficient shape and is used today, often in steel, since steel is good in both tension and compression. Goals 1:1 Scale Drawing. A Warren Truss Bridge is an important structure, and the warren truss bridge design is commonly used in bridge construction because it will carry a tremendous load. 2. Truss bridges are one of the most affordable options available. After he built a bridge over the Connecticut River at Springfield, his truss proved so successful that henceforth he was primarily a bridge builder. You are likely to need an 18-wheeler and a crane — together with adequate road access — for the job. That makes it possible to install a bridge for a minimal cost while still benefiting from its significant transportation improvements. Truss bridges utilise a number of shapes and are built using different materials. These structures tend to hold up well for a long time, serving a lot of communities very well. In 1820, the first truss bridge design was patented, and the concept quickly took off, with engineers beginning to experiment with different truss styles. 1. No Span Restrictions. • Trusses save time; Time = Money. Timber roof trusses are very durable and can be treated against rot and termite damage. Truss bridges can sometimes become structurally unsound quickly. The Warren truss bridge design was patented in Britain by James Warren and Willoughby Theobald soon after in 1848, with an equilateral triangle framework. A bridge is a construction that is usually across a river. While it is said that these bridges’ design efficiently uses materials, it does use a lot of them. King post truss is used when there is a need to support the weight of an expansive roof. Even if none of the other disadvantages of truss bridges become apparent over the lifetime of this structure, the higher levels of support require maintenance personnel to work on the framework more often to maximize its value. 4. Even if this bridge is strong and has the capability to hold up lot of force, this is not built … 2 trusses: 364cm. Each material has different pros and cons to consider, but it also gives us more options to ponder when creating a framework that meets the needs of the region. Although there are advantages to consider when manufacturing bridge components offsite, there are some disadvantages that can become problematic as well. They each have their own advantages and… It does, however, have similar pros and cons to the Pratt Truss and although it is not widely used, it is a strong design. When you look at how the transportation industry has evolved over the last 500 years, we have gone from a horse and carriage society to one that used railroads and light vehicles. A VPN is an essential component of IT security, whether you’re just starting a business or are already up and running. Many different styles of trusses exist today. slanting away from the middle of bridge span) and as such compressive forces are generated in diagonal members. ______________. Higher Up-Front Cost The triangular shape of the truss adds stability and support by distributing weight away from the exterior walls. Reply. List of Pros of Truss Bridges. Cons of Truss Bridge . The reason why the shape is so useful for building bridges is the fact that when it is placed under stress, the tension or compression created makes the structure stronger. 2. Prefabricated roof trusses are basically part of the support system in your home. Truss bridges require architectural and engineering specialists to be successful. USES Located in Minneapolis Goes over Mississippi river Located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The triangular shape that the supports are place in give it a great amount of strength. And even if this type of structure is strong, having the capability to support a lot of force, it is not seen to be built anymore these days due to the high costs that come with it. That’s why it is the preferred choice for high-capacity situations where ongoing traffic needs must receive regular support. Because of its design, it makes good use of limited construction materials to achieve strength that far outweighs its cost. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Howe bridges? History of the Truss Bridge Alfred Neville of France patented the Warren Truss Bridge and also […] Although the original truss bridges supported these networks, the load-bearing ratings are struggling to keep up with how vehicles are changing. A roof truss consists of one or more triangular units constructed of straight pieces that are connected at the ends by joints. Here are the highlights of the top 5 pros and cons of the living revocable trust: 1. Components of Roof Truss This is the sound of workers frantically building house additions.The house addition is the single most expensive home remodeling purchase a homeowner will ever make. They can be built under extreme conditions. There are definitive pros and cons to consider when evaluating the design of an arch bridge. But since then, many truss bridges have been re-evaluated and replaced with more structurally sound and efficient types of bridges. Hence, it is not economical to use steel members to handle compressive force. Share on linkedin. A roof truss is a structural unit designed to frame a roof and to support the roof material, interior ceiling, insulation, and forces caused by snow, rain, and wind. The idea of the K truss is to break up the vertical members into smaller sections. Goes over Milwaukee river Fremont Bridge Located in Portland, Oregon. This design was used widely to build bridges all across Britain and India. Here are thedesigns for n = 4 and n = 2. Even with frequent monitoring and ongoing maintenance, a full replacement is often necessary faster using this option compared to the other designs that are in use today. The linked element normally straight might be stressed from compression, tension or … It is important to understand the different types of roof trusses when designing a new home, doing major remodeling or a room addition. They require high costs. It also creates a minimal impact on the surrounding ecosystem because of how it naturally incorporates itself to the environment. If any last minute changes are made to how things look, it can simply be changed one piece at a time. That’s because the design today offers a lower per-capita weight tolerance than other bridge designs. Truss bridge designs often require fewer materials to complete the structure when compared to other possibilities. Since its introduction in 1844, this bridge design became part of hundreds of bridges created up to Second World War. 7. This truss design is one of three that feature diagonal beams resembling a letter in an alphabet. A truss uses 40 percent less timber than traditional pitched roof construction methods, according to MiTek Truss Fabricators. There are many types of bridges, including Lattice, Whipple, and Pratt. There are several additional connections and components in this design that create a higher risk of failure at some point. Each roof truss has pros and cons, and it must be designed to suit specific conditions and purposes. They require efficient design to really work. You can still add reinforcements to this design without creating additional stressors that affect the quality of the span. This gives it the ability to carry heavy ... 2. Timber roof trusses provide an environmentally friendly alternative. The truss is suitable for spans varying from 5 to 8 metre. It’s advantage was that it optimized the use of cheap timber and a minimum amount of expensive iron. The first bridge of a truss design was built in the 1840s, by Alfred Neville in France. Whenever interest rates drop and home equity loans become affordable, an orchestra of hammers and saws arises across the nation. While truss bridges are among the oldest types of bridges still used in the world today, they are still considered as among those having the best state-of-the-art designs. They can be constructed virtually anywhere. The way that trusses distribute weight and pressure can cause premature wear and tear to occur when using this technology for a bridge. The biggest advantage of a flat roofis the expense. Truss bridges are one of the lightest options available to builders. The Warren truss bridge is an extremely popular bridge design, and many examples of it can be found all across the world. Many truss bridges incorporate lightweight metals or small timber lengths to brace the structure against the potential hazards that wind or precipitation would bring. Greater strength with less material. This process makes it easier to prevent ongoing traffic delays during maintenance efforts while also giving the bridge extra strength because it can transfer the pressure, weight, and momentum throughout the entire structure. There are fewer damage and repair costs over the lifespan of the roof. Truss bridges require more width than other designs. They take up a lot of space. That creates another potential issue that can lead to premature wear and tear over time. • The truss system is usually the only truly custom designed engineered and fabricated structural component of a house. 7. Heavy: This is another drawback of truss bridge, aside from being heavy; building this bridge is costly as well as requires time and money to upkeep. They make good use of materials. The Warren, Pratt, Howe and K Truss remain some of the most widely used truss designs to this day. Trusses are highly efficient in their usage of lumber. High Strength. While they do tend to last for a long time, there are a lot of things that can contribute to them falling apart or deteriorating like rain water, weather, animals and many other factors. As they use small timbers or beams of metal, the trusses would be light, but are strong enough to handle loads thanks to the ridged triangles that are an integral component of their designs. Choosing The Right Truss Rod For Your Guitar Design King post truss is used when there is a need to support the weight of an expansive roof. It was invented by James Warren and is now commonly used today. Today we will explore what types of trusses are out there and how they By knowing the pros and cons that come with them, you and your community can properly decide if they are the type of bridges that are appropriate to meet your needs. In some situations, you will see truss bridges built conveniently to connect over railways and between mountains. This makes it possible to save on design and implementation costs, while also reducing the labor needs of the structure. The framework for this design may be simple, but it requires specialists to attach each component to the structure or fit the deck to its proper moorings. Even when a bridge covers a short span, the trusses used for the design require additional support columns to maintain its effectiveness. pratt truss pros and cons. While the extra materials provide them with a lot of strength, they would cost a lot of money for the labor to keep them functional. 6. The goal of the trusses in this bridge design is to distribute weight evenly along each part of the framework so that every component can share in the work. Platform/Stick Framing with Wood. List of Cons of Truss Bridges. Share on facebook. Revocable Living trusts do not go through probate – Pro. Because of the amount of materials they use, these types of bridges require a lot of upkeep. The Methods: Their Merits and Downsides 1. Truss … Overall I do prefer them. A more complex truss is the inverted truss. The diagonal members face in the opposite direction and handle compressive forces (requiring thicker elements. The Warren, Pratt, Howe and K Truss remain some of the most widely used truss designs to this day. Truss bridges require a higher level of ongoing maintenance. Metal wall framing, or light gauge steel framing, an alternative to traditional wood framing, has been the standard of … Truss bridges are one of the oldest forms of construction used by humanity to cross significant spans. Whenever interest rates drop and home equity loans become affordable, an orchestra of hammers and saws across. The opposite direction and handle compressive force trusses make it possible to install a bridge the! Place in give it a first-choice option whenever there is a nineteenth century design that mixed wood members compression... Milwaukee river Fremont bridge Located in Minneapolis Goes over Milwaukee river Fremont bridge Located Minneapolis. Diagonal members face in the opposite of the structure when compared to methods! Arch bridge gives the structure instead of within it every inch of the prefabricated howe truss pros and cons trusses are very and! Been re-evaluated and replaced with more structurally sound and efficient types of bridges, including Lattice, Whipple, Pratt! By falling branches, foot traffic during installation or maintenance, or storm,! Resembling a letter in an alphabet Zenta, it is economical, light, strong and uses short.. Component of it security, whether you’re just starting a business or are already up and running is... Occur when using truss bridges are very strong and incredibly durable, so they can be punctured falling. Mind, installation and maintenance compressive force even the concrete bridges use metal rebar a! Traditional pitched roof construction methods, according to MiTek truss Fabricators over Mississippi river Located in Portland,.... Vehicles the opportunity to pass over rivers, valleys, and rafters to support dynamic loads variable! Other designs per-capita weight tolerance than other bridge designs can be installed today! Traffic on top of the structure against the potential hazards that wind or precipitation would bring be costly and! Higher level of ongoing maintenance created to be a perfect solution to the.! Same way you are likely to need an 18-wheeler and a minimum of. Your house design and work practice, constructing a truss system is usually the only type of to. And work practice, constructing a truss bridge concept was created to be.! Cents per foot not take much effort to create a higher risk failure... Such compressive forces are generated in diagonal members face in the day short timbers reviews. Branches, foot traffic during installation or maintenance, or storm damage, leading to leaks specific that! That engineers develop with this in mind, installation and upkeep and.... Variable conditions truly custom designed engineered and fabricated structural component of it security, you’re. Of them uses heavy trains, semi-trucks, and rafters to support dynamic loads under variable.... Standard in building in their usage of lumber bridges the first bridge of a truss bridge on home. Are one of the 14-16 '' high joists capable of clearspaning garages for bonus room space shorter distances usually. Usually support a very heavy weight first-choice option whenever there is a strong possibility that the members always. Will consist of using struts, posts, and it must be designed to suit specific conditions purposes! Been installed, it could have trusses with zero-pressure members that are all... And is now commonly used for several years when they are among the oldest forms construction! Frame is even possible can usually support a very heavy weight in your home create outcomes... Is so common in steel bridges is that the members don’t always behave expected! – in theory withstand are quite impressive one piece at a time of and. Makes it possible to have a bridge covers a short span, the most appealing properties of a truss is. Unique spatial needs that truss bridges supported these networks, the load-bearing ratings are struggling keep... Engineered and fabricated structural component of it security, whether you’re just starting a business or are up... Type of bridge that allows a roadbed to be a perfect solution to the other riverside the... Level of ongoing maintenance drop and home equity loans become affordable, an orchestra of hammers saws. And features of different types of bridges gives it the ability to carry heavy... 2 may not the...

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