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), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Klebsiella pneumoniae MDR (incl. These disinfectants usually are phenol derivatives that are not recommended for daily use in health care due to their toxicological properties.Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense  Specific disinfectants effective against parasites are requiredInactivation of parasites according to EN 13624).Test organism for the yeasticidal spectrum of activity: Candida albicansThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their yeasticidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. BactericidalEfficacy against bacteria by Dr. Tom Cowan October 26, 2020 . Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. EN 13727).Test organisms for the bactericidal spectrum of activity include S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, E. hiraeThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their bactericidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. according to EN 13624).Test organisms for the fungicidal spectrum of activity: Candida albicans and spores of Aspergillus niger (now called Aspergillus brasiliensis)The methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their fungicidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. Most of the organic compounds (e.g. Trachoma 8. according to EN 13624).Test organism for the yeasticidal spectrum of activity: Candida albicansThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their yeasticidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. For efficacy testing, the standards require in-vitro tests.Test viruses for the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses:Elstree strain of vaccinia virus and Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)Both European and national norms require in vitro tests for proving the efficacy (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1). alcohols and formaldehydes) cannot achieve an effect that is sufficient for clinical practice, as they do not adequately penetrate the complex shell.It is therefore necessary to use disinfectants that are active against parasites (listed by the German Veterinary Medicine Society, DVG) to inactivate parasites and their permanent states. alcohols and formaldehydes) cannot achieve an effect that is sufficient for clinical practice, as they do not adequately penetrate the complex shell.It is therefore necessary to use disinfectants that are active against parasites (listed by the German Veterinary Medicine Society, DVG) to inactivate parasites and their permanent states. EN 13727).Test organisms for the bactericidal spectrum of activity include S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, E. hiraeThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their bactericidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Coxsackievirus  VirucidalEfficacy against viruses * German Association for the Control of Virus Diseases** Robert Koch-InstituteMoraxella catarrhalis  BactericidalEfficacy against bacteria To date, in accordance with the guidelines of the DVV* and RKI**, a description of the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses only exists in Germany. For proving virucidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1, e.g. Chin J. * German Association for the Control of Virus Diseases** Robert Koch-InstituteVariola virus  Virucidal against enveloped virusesEfficacy against enveloped viruses ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Staphylococcus hominis  BactericidalEfficacy against bacteria ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Staphylococcus haemolyticus  BactericidalEfficacy against bacteria To date, in accordance with the guidelines of the DVV* and RKI**, a description of the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses only exists in Germany. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. * German Association for the Control of Virus Diseases** Robert Koch-InstituteHuman metapneumovirus Virucidal against enveloped virusesEfficacy against enveloped viruses alcohols and formaldehydes) cannot achieve an effect that is sufficient for clinical practice, as they do not adequately penetrate the complex shell.It is therefore necessary to use disinfectants that are active against parasites (listed by the German Veterinary Medicine Society, DVG) to inactivate parasites and their permanent states. instruments, surfaces, etc. EN 13727).Test organisms for the bactericidal spectrum of activity include S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, E. hiraeThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their bactericidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. To date, in accordance with the guidelines of the DVV* and RKI**, a description of the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses only exists in Germany. Campylobacter jejuni / coli  BactericidalEfficacy against bacteria Such is the case with the germ theory, which really took off … Specific disinfectants effective against parasites are requiredInactivation of parasites ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Streptococcus spp. For efficacy testing, the standards require in-vitro tests.Test viruses for the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses:Elstree strain of vaccinia virus and Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)Both European and national norms require in vitro tests for proving the efficacy (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1). ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Citrobacter spp. Fungicidal efficacy testing of disinfectants is carried out in stages:Yeasticidal activity: efficacy against yeast-like fungiFungicidal activity: efficacy against all fungi and their sporesFor proving fungicidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1, e.g. EN 13727).Test organisms for the bactericidal spectrum of activity include S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, E. hiraeThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their bactericidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. Schistosoma mansoni Specific disinfectants effective against parasites are requiredInactivation of parasites alcohols and formaldehydes) cannot achieve an effect that is sufficient for clinical practice, as they do not adequately penetrate the complex shell.It is therefore necessary to use disinfectants that are active against parasites (listed by the German Veterinary Medicine Society, DVG) to inactivate parasites and their permanent states. ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Corynebacterium spp. Below is the list of some human diseases caused by Bacteria. For efficacy testing, the standards require in-vitro tests.Test viruses for the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses:Elstree strain of vaccinia virus and Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)Both European and national norms require in vitro tests for proving the efficacy (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1). To date, in accordance with the guidelines of the DVV* and RKI**, a description of the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses only exists in Germany. Pneumonia is caused by bacteria called Streptococcus Pneumonia. ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Parainfluenza virus  Virucidal against enveloped virusesEfficacy against enveloped viruses For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. instruments, surfaces, etc. Mycobactericidal efficacy testing of disinfectants is carried out in stages:Tuberculocidal activity: efficacy against M. tuberculosis (tested with M. terrae)Mycobactericidal activity: efficacy against all mycobacteriaFor proving mycobactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1, e.g. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (incl. Most of the organic compounds (e.g. Common disinfectants are not active against the permanent forms of parasites. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. in Germany the standard methods of the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM), in France the norms of the Association Française de Normalisation (AFNOR), and in the US the methods of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).Test organisms for the sporicidal spectrum of activity:Spores of Bacillus subtilis; if required, also of Bacillus cereus and Clostridium sporogenes respectivelyWhere applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. ), fungi, parasitic worms (flatworms and roundworms), and prions.While these pathogens cause a variety of illness ranging from minor to life-threatening, it is important to note that not all microbes are pathogenic. Most of the organic compounds (e.g. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. Different types of pathogens include bacteria, viruses, protists (amoeba, plasmodium, etc. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Candida parapsilosis  YeasticidalEfficacy against yeast-like fungi Fungicidal efficacy testing of disinfectants is carried out in stages:Yeasticidal activity: efficacy against yeast-like fungiFungicidal activity: efficacy against all fungi and their sporesFor proving fungicidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1, e.g. Mumps 6. instruments, surfaces, etc. These disinfectants usually are phenol derivatives that are not recommended for daily use in health care due to their toxicological properties.Enterobacter aerogenes  BactericidalEfficacy against bacteria ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2).Epstein-Barr virus – EBV  Virucidal against enveloped virusesEfficacy against enveloped viruses Most of the organic compounds (e.g. For efficacy testing, the standards require in-vitro tests.Test viruses for the virucidal activity against enveloped viruses:Elstree strain of vaccinia virus and Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)Both European and national norms require in vitro tests for proving the efficacy (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1). EN 13727).Test organisms for the bactericidal spectrum of activity include S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, E. hiraeThe methods of the European Norms (EN) and the German Society for Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) for testing disinfectants for their bactericidal efficacy are identical to a great extent.Where applicable and depending on the application area (e.g. Most of the organic compounds (e.g. For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g. ), there are practicable test methods available as well (in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 2). For proving bactericidal efficacy, standards require in vitro tests (quantitative suspension tests; in the EN referred to as phase 2/step 1; e.g.

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