Taoism differs from Confucianism by not emphasizing rigid rituals and social order, but is similar in the sense that it is a teaching about the various disciplines for achieving "perfection" by becoming one with the unplanned rhythms of the universe called "the way" or "tao. , Taoism can be defined as pantheistic, given its philosophical emphasis on the formlessness of the Tao and the primacy of the "Way" rather than anthropomorphic concepts of God. The wicked, and their descendants, will suffer and have shortened lives. "The name that can be named is not the eternal name. . But within this non-dualisticc reality, two primordial subrealities are constantly interacting: the yin and yang. They typically feature mystical writing or diagrams and are intended to fulfill various functions including providing guidance for the spirits of the dead, bringing good fortune, increasing life span, etc. Chinese and Japanese forms of Buddhism received an indelible Taoist imprint, as can be seen in the Zen Buddhist koan, an apparently self-contradictory or meaningless statement to which the student is expected to react spontaneously. The philosophy of Taoism grew into a religion of the peasant classes of the Shang Dynasty, who lived closely with nature. Their observations of the natural world influenced their philosophy, and one of the things they incorporated was the concept of eternity. , The taijitu (太极图; 太極圖; tàijítú; commonly known as the "yin and yang symbol" or simply the "yin yang") and the bagua 八卦 ("Eight Trigrams") have importance in Taoist symbolism. The school's tenets harmonised the concepts of the Wu Xing (Five Elements) and yin and yang. Its influence on Oriental culture has been vast. Taoism, in form of the Shangqing school, gained official status in China again during the Tang dynasty (618–907), whose emperors claimed Laozi as their relative. The school's most revered master, Qiu Chuji, met with Genghis Khan in 1222 and was successful in influencing the Khan towards exerting more restraint during his brutal conquests. The Taoist Celestial Master Zhang Taoling rejected food and animal sacrifices to the Gods. 93-114. The version surviving today was published during the Ming Dynasty. The term dao é is analyzable in terms of Chinese characters, alternate dào "way" or dÇo "guide" pronunciations and meanings, a possible Proto-Indo-European etymology, and loanwords such as English Dao or dao. , Taoism draws its cosmological foundations from the School of Naturalists (in the form of its main elements—yin and yang and the Five Phases), which developed during the Warring States period (4th to 3rd centuries BCE).. A related symbol is the flaming pearl, which may be seen on such roofs between two dragons, as well as on the hairpin of a Celestial Master. , Tao (道; dào) literally means "way", but can also be interpreted as road, channel, path, doctrine, or line. Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow, primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son.Taoism (a.k.a., Daoism) focuses on living harmoniously; this is where the concept of yin and yang originates. Thus, it is a “doing by nondoing” (wei wu wei). Yin represented everything cool, dark, female and passive, while yang represented all things hot, light, male and active.  Other important commentaries include the one from Wang Bi and the Xiang'er. When someone exerts their will against the world in a manner that is out of rhythm with the cycles of change, they may disrupt that harmony and unintended consequences may more likely result rather than the willed outcome.  As a consequence, it is believed that deeper understanding of the universe can be achieved by understanding oneself.  The Shangqing movement, however, had developed much earlier, in the 4th century, on the basis of a series of revelations by gods and spirits to a certain Yang Xi in the years between 364 and 370. The "Legalist" Shen Buhai (c. 400 – c. 337 BCE) may also have been a major influence, expounding a realpolitik of wu wei. One of the main beliefs of Taoism is wu-wei, or ânot doing.â Taoists beliâ¦ Frontispiece The Victory of Buddha by Abanindranath Tagore, 1914, oil on canvas / Wikimedia Commons. The central concept in Taoism is that of Tao, the way. A recurrent and important element of Taoism are rituals, exercises and substances aiming at aligning oneself spiritually with cosmic forces, at undertaking ecstatic spiritual journeys, or at improving physical health and thereby extending one's life, ideally to the point of immortality. Taoism (or Daoism) is one of the main strands of traditional Chinese philosophy. In Daoism (Taoism), the Dao (Tao) is the original, everlasting, spontaneous way, that things began and still are. It is one of the two dominant religions in China.  However, the concepts of those keystone texts cannot be equated with Taoism as a whole. The first, and most basic Taoist principle, is â¦ On the other hand, Taoism also incorporated Buddhist elements during the Tang dynasty. A teaching like this can be very hard to grasp when most people desire very concrete definitions in their own life. , A zigzag with seven stars is sometimes displayed, representing the Big Dipper (or the Bushel, the Chinese equivalent). Taoism , or Daoism (/ËdaÊÉªzÉm/, /ËdaÊ-/), is a philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (Chinese: é; pinyin: Dào; lit. The traditional view is that Zhuangzi himself wrote the first seven chapters (the "inner chapters") and his students and related thinkers were responsible for the other parts (the "outer" and "miscellaneous" chapters). Membership of these temples is entirely of non-Chinese ancestry. "uncut wood"), the "uncarved block", which represents the "original nature... prior to the imprint of culture" of an individual.  Taoism does not fall under an umbrella or a definition of a single organised religion like the Abrahamic traditions; nor can it be studied as a mere variant of Chinese folk religion, as although the two share some similar concepts, much of Chinese folk religion is separate from the tenets and core teachings of Taoism. If Confucianism is a system concerned with the social and communal elements of Chinese society, then Taoism is its exact opposite: this tradition is intimately concerned with private spiritual vision and attainment, with cosmology and metaphysics.  To attain naturalness, one has to identify with the Tao; this involves freeing oneself from selfishness and desire, and appreciating simplicity. These are lively affairs which invariably involve firecrackers and flower-covered floats broadcasting traditional music. This could include slaughtered animals, such as pigs and ducks, or fruit. The tree which seemed to die came back to life in the spring season and the grass grew again.  Taoist arts represents the diverse regions, dialects, and time spans that are commonly associated with Taoism. The Taoist saw nature as an ever-dynamic, intrinsically undifferentiated void, a “vast and timeless ocean of spotless purity upon which, through the interplay of dark and light, a myriad illusions play like ever-changing cloud formations or restless waves . , In the 12th century, the Quanzhen School was founded in Shandong. Today's lesson will focus on three of the most important Taoist tenets. Yin is the receptive and Yang is the active principle, seen in all forms of change and difference such as the annual season cycles, the landscape, sexual coupling, the formation of both men and women as characters, and sociopolitical history. To a significant extent, the history of Taoism may be seen as a continuous restatement of the principles enunciated in the early founding texts. Taoism takes its name from the word Tao (the Way), the ancient Chinese name for the ordering principle that makes cosmic harmony possible. Proceeds are donated to charity. “Lao Tzu tells us that “Tao” (Way) is just a convenient term for what had best be called the nameless.  Other flags and banners may be those of the gods or immortals themselves.  While almost all Taoist organisations make use of it, one could also regard it as Confucian, Neo-Confucian or pan-Chinese. : 'the Way', also romanised as Dao). In theory at least, neither of these is superior to the other both are equally necessary to the maintenance of creation.  Data collected in 2010 for religious demographics of Hong Kong and Singapore show that, respectively, 14% and 11% of the people of these cities identify as Taoists.
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